Scuba diving is a very safe activity. Learning and practicing safely is not difficult. Accidents can still occur, though.
The majority of diving-related accidents are caused by negligence and diver error. Therefore, our attention should be directed toward stopping issues before they start. We should also learn how to deal with issues when they arise.
So let’s find out what diving professionals should do to ensure their own safety before, during, and after a dive.
What Are the Risks of Scuba Diving?
There are risks associated with scuba diving, including those related to arterial air embolism and decompression sickness. Diving is generally safe as long as you follow a simple set of rules just like driving a car
Regarding a diver’s health, there are four main risks associated with scuba diving. Those are as follows.
- Sickness from decompression.
- Nitrogen Narcosis.
- Vascular Air Embolism
- Marine Life Encounter.
What Should Divers Do for Their Own Safety?
This question is being posed by, let’s assume, a certified diver. Many uncertified divers might not be aware of the fundamental risks associated with scuba diving and may even be unsure of the necessity of certification.
Respect Your Training Limits
There are restrictions imposed by your training, regardless of the level of certification you hold or how much experience you have. the use of specialized equipment, gas mixtures, and depth. A crucial element of what you should do for your own safety is to stay well within your training limits.
For instance, Open Water level divers (according to the majority of dive agencies) can scuba dive up to a maximum depth of 18m/60ft. If you dive deeper than this, you risk not having the training necessary to handle novel situations and potential issues, like Gas Narcosis, that may arise.
Gas mixtures, such as diving with enriched air (Nitrox), where diving with higher percentages of oxygen has advantages but also dangers alongside it, are another set of training restrictions. The same is true of diving while using specialized gear like a dry suit or a side-mount setup. You ought to receive training from a qualified expert who can show you how to identify potential issues and how to handle them in a secure setting.
Respect Your Personal Limits
You should establish and observe your own personal boundaries as well, within the bounds of this agency training. Stay within your comfort zone and don’t go beyond it.
you can dive up to 40 meters (130 feet) with PADI. It is not necessary for you to go this deep, though, if you don’t feel comfortable doing so. You should also think about canceling the dive and rescheduling it for a calmer day if the surface conditions make you uncomfortable.
Before the dive, discuss your personal limits with your dive guide. Never push yourself or your companion beyond what is comfortable. Having such boundaries helps avoid anxiety, which can lead to perceptual narrowing. Accidents involving the inability to manage and resolve these issues underwater are frequently caused by anxiety and perceptual narrowing.
Test & Trust Your Equipment
Your ability to survive underwater for extended periods of time depends on your scuba diving equipment. This apprehension and mistrust of gear can grow when diving with unfamiliar equipment. For this reason, having your own diving gear is preferable to relying on rental gear.
It’s crucial to test your dive equipment in secure settings before you begin assembling it. You could suit up and jump into a pool, for instance, to test your gear, make sure it works as it should, and get acquainted with it. Make sure you regularly service your own equipment and keep it in good condition to further increase your confidence in your gear. Never try to build substitute equipment or fix diving equipment yourself.
Prior to the dive, you should inspect the equipment if you’re renting it from a dive operation and perform your own checks. This entails inspecting the BCD for leaks, testing the inflate/deflate buttons, and smelling and tasting the air coming from the tank. Additionally, make sure the scuba tank has undergone a recent visual inspection and look up the date of its hydrostatic test. When ensuring a diver’s own safety, equipment inspection is crucial.
Use Visual Aids in the Water
Unfortunately, reports like this one, in which several divers vanished, are fairly common. How visible you are on the surface can be affected by currents, torrential rain, waves, and low light. It is therefore strongly advised to always have visual or audible aids available for use on the ground. It’s a good idea to have a whistle attached to your BCD, and you can increase your visibility on the surface by wearing a torch, reflective mirror, or reflective strip.
Never Hold Your Breath
Divers are first cautioned against doing this. The primary scuba diving rule is this. The air in the diver’s lungs expands during ascent and contracts during descent, which explains why.
If the diver breathes slowly and continuously, there won’t be any issues because the air is expelled. On the other hand, if a diver holds their breath, the air becomes trapped and expands.
Furthermore, the alveoli that make up the lung walls could one day burst, seriously harming the organ.
Scuba diving also requires good breathing techniques. You shouldn’t breathe normally when you’re submerged.
You must breathe slowly and regularly, and you can hear yourself breathing when you use the regulator. Simply go at a relaxed pace while inhaling and exhaling slowly.
Know Your Limits
The only other way to get into trouble while scuba diving is to be unaware of your limits. You need to be aware of your limits when scuba diving as you get better and more confident during a dive.
Standing within your limits would entail actions like diving deeper than you should, diving alone, going wreck or cave diving without training, and using new dive gear.
Making Safe Ascents
The main issue is that, in the worst case, ascending too quickly can result in death. One of the most crucial lessons taught to divers is, “That’s it.”
The issue with ascending too quickly is that the air coming from your scuba tank contains about 78% nitrogen. As a result, the gases that are absorbed into your bloodstream from your lungs don’t have enough time to exit your bloodstream.
You would thus be susceptible to developing decompression sickness or an air embolism. You could be hit by boats in addition to ascending too quickly.
Always take it slow and make the safety stop at 5 meters, where you wait for three minutes.
What is a Surface Marker Buoy (SMB)?
Carrying a Surface Marker Buoy (SMB) on every dive is something that divers can do for their own safety. You should learn how to use this crucial piece of safety gear during your Open Water course, and you should regularly practice this skill. Boats can see you on the surface thanks to the SMB’s bright marker. This prevents boats from colliding with divers, and it also serves as a large visual marker to draw a boat’s attention when necessary.
Tips to Save Yourself from Diving Dangers
You might not have used all of your skills and procedures since your initial training if you don’t sign up for a refresher course. Are you able to:
- Regain command of your regulator easily.
- You can superficially put your gear on and take it off.
- Take your gear out of the water.
- You can quickly take off and replace your mask.
- Describe the possibilities in a situation without air.
- Whether you are with a friend or not, stay calm when there is a lack of air.
- Your partner’s or your own legs should be free of the cramp.
- Tow your companion to safety if they lose their ability to swim on the surface.
- While immersed in water, respond to a free-flowing regulator.
- Please keep in mind the best location for me to set up a backup air source.
- When a low-pressure inflator isn’t functioning properly, take action.
Learn and practice these techniques to avoid putting yourself in danger while scuba diving by taking a refresher course or asking for help from an experienced diver.
Consider the chance to practice air sharing during your dive safety stop. For those who have obtained certification in rescue and first aid skills, reviewing procedures and regularly practicing are crucial to ensuring a quick and effective reaction in an emergency situation.
A Final Word
You ask, “What should divers do for their own safety?” It all comes down to taking responsibility for yourself and abiding by accepted scuba diving guidelines. A disaster is almost certain to result from rushing dive procedures, peer pressure, and pushing boundaries. To ensure that everyone returns from a dive, every diver should be cautious and prudent when it comes to their own safety.
FAQs Related to Divers Safety
What Should You Do to Reduce the Risk of Capsizing Or Swamping Your Boat in Rough Water?
Even when everything seems to be going smoothly, a vessel can capsize at any moment and become swamped.
The vessel can tip over on itself with just a small change in weight. To prevent it from tipping, avoid overloading your vessel and make sure that everything you load is distributed evenly.
When the boat is smaller, it is more sensitive to small movements. Avoid making snap judgments and decisions. As you perform the required maneuver, be sure to maintain the proper pace. If you need to turn, do so slowly. Never tie your anchor line to the stern of the boat; always tie it to the bow.
What Are Small, Flat-bottom Boats, Such as Duck Hunting Boats, Prone to Do?
The majority of waterfowl hunters use utility boats with flat bottoms. They make it simpler to get into shallow water. But, small flat-bottom boats are more prone to capsizing and increases the risk.
Why Should Boaters Slow Down While Passing Recreational Fishing Boats
This is not only a courtesy, it’s also an important part of maintaining safety on the water—as large wakes could cause a safety issue on the fishing boat you are passing. A person might trip and get hurt, or they might be thrown overboard.
What Should Divers Do for Their Own Safety Quizlet
For their own safety, divers should: Always display the diver-down flag and stay close to the flag. Use a boat that is stable and designed for diving, and firmly anchor the vessel.
What Happens If You Get Caught in the Backwash?
If you are discovered, you should leave the boat as quickly as you can. Don’t even try to save it.
In order to prevent getting entangled in any submerged debris, keep your arms and legs as close to your body as you can. Float downstream on the river’s current after escaping the backwash.
Once you land, make your way out as quickly as you can. It’s time to recover your vessel once you’ve regained your physical and mental stamina.